Introduction to Bacteriology


Introduction to Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture (e.g., farm animals) and industry. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms or, dependently, as parasites. Among the better known bacteria are strep, staph, and the agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

The modern methods of bacteriological technique had their beginnings in 1870–85 with the introduction of the use of stains and by the discovery of the method of separating mixtures of organisms on plates of nutrient media solidified with gelatin or agar. Important discoveries came in 1880 and 1881, when Pasteur succeeded in immunizing animals against two diseases caused by bacteria. His research led to a study of disease prevention and the treatment of disease by vaccines and immune serums (a branch of medicine now called immunology). Other scientists recognized the importance of bacteria in agriculture and the dairy industry.

Description: Bacteriology - Definition, Classifications and in Medicine

Our bacteriology testing includes screening stools and other sources for foodborne disease pathogens to include Salmonella species, Shigella species, Shiga toxin producing E. coli, and Campylobacter species. Other pathogens must be individually requested for screening.


Andrew Jews

Editorial manager

Journal of Clinical Immunology & Infectious Diseases

Whatsapp: +32 25889658